Factors of Road Accident
Factors of Road Accident
1: Human factor.
2 : The road factor.
3 : The vehicle factor.
Road crashes have resulted in more loss of lives and properties than disease and various aliment put together. According to research, road traffic crashes is caused by three major factors, which are human, mechanical and environmental factors.
Human Factor: This constitutes about 90 per cent of road traffic crashes. Out of this percentage, drivers make up 80 per cent. It can further be classified under the following: 1. Drivers: a. Overconfidence: Drivers often feel they are master of the vehicle and road. However, Tyre’s, brake and the engine control the motion of the vehicle. Drivers merely operate these controls. Failure to ensure good working condition, as well result in road traffic crashes. b. Over Speeding: Motorist believes that they drive, the more they impress themselves and others. They however forget that anything can happen to the vehicle, such as Tyre burst, brake failure or pedestrian running across the road. More disaster and casualties occur while at high speed than at low speed.
On-coming vehicle or vehicles being overtaken may do the unexpected like swerving, stopping or trying to avoid potholes. Furthermore, some roads have narrow bridges hidden around the corner. c. Lack of concentration: Some drivers often engage in things that distract their attention while driving. Such things include discussions with passengers, answering phone calls, eating, gesticulating and changing radio station or cassette. This lack of concentration is very dangerous as it takes only a moment for crashes to occur. The vehicle in front may stop abruptly or a child may run into a road suddenly; hence, anything can happen. Be at alert, always anticipating danger. d.Tiredness: Some motorists drive long distance without even stretching their legs and improving their blood circulation to supply the brain adequately. This makes drivers feel tired and sleepy. It is frightening experience to be driven by a driver who sleeps while driving. Sudden awakening of the driver may lead to crashes. Again, driving after heavy meal can also be hazardous as the blood concentrates in the stomach to absorb the food, thus depriving the brain of oxygen which can cause the driver to fall asleep. Overworking also cause fatigue. Some articulated drivers work an average of 9 to 12 hour per day, which is dangerous. By Pines Salomon
Pines Salomon Injury Lawyers, APC.
To be continued….